5V / 100mA max Transformetless Power Supply (input: 110V AC)

transformerless power supply

This is transformerless power supply schematic diagram. Please take a note that this circuit running ONLY for input voltage 110V AC.

I use this power supply for applications that doesn't use too mucho power. It can provide power to circuit that uses less than 100mA without any problem. The disadvantage of this circuit is the danger of an electrical shock, so it cannot be used if the circuit is in contact with the user.

The voltage supplied by this is determined by the zener diode.

The version of the transformerless power supply that uses a bridge rectifier provides more current than the first one because it rectifies both phases of the AC voltage.

About Power Supply
A power supply is a device that supplies electrical energy to one or more electric loads. The term of "power supply" is most commonly applied to devices that convert one form of electrical energy to another, though it may also refer to devices that convert another form of energy (e.g., mechanical, chemical, solar) to electrical energy.
A power supply may be implemented as a discrete, stand-alone device or as an integral device that is hardwired to its load. In the latter case, for example, low voltage DC power supplies are commonly integrated with their loads in devices such as computers and household electronics. More explanation about power supply can be found at wikipedia.org

This is the tutorial about "How to build an AC to DC power supply ". The video tutorial covers the basics of diodes, bridge rectifiers, and how to build simple unregulated AC to DC power supplies than can handle a few mA up to several Amps.

Watch the video:


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