12V NiCAD Battery Charger

This is the circuit diagram of 12V NiCAD battery charger. The battery charger charging rate is at 200mA/Hour.

12V NiCAD Battery Charger circuit

The battery charger circuit will continue to charge the battery at 75 mA until the battery is fully charged, then it reduces the current to a trickle rate. It will fully recharge a dead/unpowered battery in 4 hours and the battery can be left in the charger indefinitely. To set the shut off point, connect a 270 ohm / 2 Watt resistor across the charge terminals and adjust the potensiometer for 15.5V across the resistor.

About Power Supply
A power supply is a device that supplies electrical energy to one or more electric loads. The term of "power supply" is most commonly applied to devices that convert one form of electrical energy to another, though it may also refer to devices that convert another form of energy (e.g., mechanical, chemical, solar) to electrical energy.
A power supply may be implemented as a discrete, stand-alone device or as an integral device that is hardwired to its load. In the latter case, for example, low voltage DC power supplies are commonly integrated with their loads in devices such as computers and household electronics. More explanation about power supply can be found at wikipedia.org

This is the tutorial about "How to build an AC to DC power supply ". The video tutorial covers the basics of diodes, bridge rectifiers, and how to build simple unregulated AC to DC power supplies than can handle a few mA up to several Amps.

Watch the video: