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Variable Power Supply with Transistor

electronic circuit diagram


Component parts list:

P1____________500R Linear Potentiometer
P2_____________10K Log. Potentiometer

R1,R2___________2K2 1/2W Resistors
R3____________330R 1/4W Resistor
R4____________150R 1/4W Resistor
R5______________1R 5W Resistor

C1___________3300µF 35V Electrolytic Capacitor (see Notes)
C2______________1µF 63V Polyester Capacitor

D1,D2________1N5402 200V 3A Diodes
D3_____________5mm. Red LED

Q1____________BC182 50V 100mA NPN Transistor
Q2____________BD139 80V 1.5A NPN Transistor
Q3____________BC212 50V 100mA PNP Transistor
Q4 __________2N3055 60V 15A NPN Transistor

T1_____________220V Primary, 36V Center-tapped Secondary
50VA Mains transformer

PL1____________Male Mains plug

SW1____________SPST Mains switch

Notes:
  • P1 sets the maximum output current you want to be delivered by the power supply at a given output voltage.
  • P2 sets the output voltage and must be a logarithmic taper type, in order to obtain a more linear scale voltage indication.
  • You can choose the Transformer on the grounds of maximum voltage and current output needed. Best choices are: 36, 40 or 48V center-tapped and 50, 75, 80 or 100VA.

Comments

Anonymous said…
i want to increase the amerage of a common ac adapter from 350mA to any amount under 3000mA without changing the voltage. can i simply remove a capacitor and use a smaller one?
no, the value of output electric current is not depended on capacitor value... if you replace the capacitor with smaller value then you will see the different output wave (if you are using osciloscope). AC to DC conversion will be worse..

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