0-28V / 6A Regulated Variable Power Supply

0-28V / 6A Regulated Variable Power Supply circuit diagram

Parts list:

TR = 2 x 15 volt (30volt total) 6+- amps
D1...D4 = four MR750 (MR7510) diodes (MR750 = 6 Ampere diode) or 2 x 4 1N5401 (1N5408) diodes.
F1 = 1 Amp
F2 = 10 amp
R1 = 2k2 2,5 Watt
R2 = 240 ohm
R3,R4 = 0.1 ohm 10 watt
R7 = 6k8 ohm
R8 = 10k ohm
R9 = 47 0.5 watt
R10 = 8k2
C1,C7,C9 = 47nF
C11 = 22nF
C2 = 4700uF/50v - 6800uF/50v
C3,C5 = 10uF/50v
C4,C6 = 100nF
C8 = 330uF/50v
C10 = 1uF/16v
D5 = 1N4148, 1N4448, 1N4151
D6 = 1N4001
D10 = 1N5401
D11 = LED
D7, D8, D9 = 1N4001
IC1 = LM317
T1, T2 = 2N3055
P1 = 5k
P2 = 47 Ohm or 220 Ohm 1 watt
P3 = 10k trimmer

This is definitely an simple to create power supply which has reliable, clear and regulator 0 to 28 Volt 6/8 Ampere output voltage. By using two 2N3055 transistor, you'll get two times the amount of electric current.

Although the 7815 power regulator is going to kick in on brief circuit, overload and thermal overheating, the fuses within the primary section of the transformer and also the fuse F2 in the output will protected your power supply. The rectified voltage of: 30 volt x SQR2 = 30 x 1.41 = 42.30 volt measured on C1. So all capacitors ought to be rated at 50 volts. Caution: 42 volt is the voltage that might be around the output if one of the transistors ought to blow.

P1 allows you to 'regulate' the output voltage to anything between 0 and 28 volts. The LM317 lowest voltage is 1.2 volt. To have a zero voltage around the output I've put 3 diodes D7,D8 and D9 on the output of the LM317 to the base of the 2N3055 transistors. The LM317 optimum output voltage is 30 volts, but applying the diodes D7,D8 & D9 the output voltage is approx 30v - (3x 0.6v) = 28.2volt.

Calibrate your build-in voltmeter working with P3 and, of course, a good digital voltmeter is better solution.

P2 will certainly let you to set the limit of the optimum available electric current at the output +Vcc. When using a 100 Ohm / 1 watt variable resistor the current is limited to approx. 3 Amps @ 47 Ohm and +- 1 Amp @ 100 Ohms.

About Power Supply
A power supply is a device that supplies electrical energy to one or more electric loads. The term of "power supply" is most commonly applied to devices that convert one form of electrical energy to another, though it may also refer to devices that convert another form of energy (e.g., mechanical, chemical, solar) to electrical energy.
A power supply may be implemented as a discrete, stand-alone device or as an integral device that is hardwired to its load. In the latter case, for example, low voltage DC power supplies are commonly integrated with their loads in devices such as computers and household electronics. More explanation about power supply can be found at wikipedia.org

This is the tutorial about "How to build an AC to DC power supply ". The video tutorial covers the basics of diodes, bridge rectifiers, and how to build simple unregulated AC to DC power supplies than can handle a few mA up to several Amps.

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