Variable DC Power Supply 3-24V / 3A






Variable DC Power Supply 3-24V / 3A circuit diagram

This is the variable DC power supply circuit. This power supply has regulated output, can be adjusted from 3 to 25 volts and the current output is limited to 2 amps as shown, however it may possibly be improved up to 3 amps or more by applying a smaller current sense resistor (0.3 ohm). Voltage regulation is controlled by 1/2 of a 1558 or 1458 op-amp. The 1458 may be substituted in the circuit, but it is suggested the supply voltage to pin 8 be limited to 30 VDC, which can be achieved by adding a 6.2 volt zener or 5.1 K resistor in series with pin 8. The 2N3055 and 2N3053 transistors need to be attached on proper heatsinks and the current sense resistor must be rated at 3 watts minimum.


The maximum DC supply voltage for the 1458 and 1558 is 36 and 44 respectively. The power transformer ought to be capable of the preferred current while keeping an input voltage at least 4 volts higher than the expected output, but not surpassing the maximum supply voltage of the op-amp under minimal load conditions. The power transformer shown is a center tapped 25.2 volt AC / 2 amp unit that will deliver regulated outputs of 24 volts at 0.7 amps, 15 volts at 2 amps, or 6 volts at 3 amps. The 3 amp output is acquired utilizing the center tap of the transformer with the switch in the 18 volt position. All components/parts should be available at Radio Shack with the exception of the 1558 operational amplifier.

Variable DC power supply 3-24V / 3A circuit source page: www.bowdenshobbycircuits.info

About Power Supply
A power supply is a device that supplies electrical energy to one or more electric loads. The term of "power supply" is most commonly applied to devices that convert one form of electrical energy to another, though it may also refer to devices that convert another form of energy (e.g., mechanical, chemical, solar) to electrical energy.
A power supply may be implemented as a discrete, stand-alone device or as an integral device that is hardwired to its load. In the latter case, for example, low voltage DC power supplies are commonly integrated with their loads in devices such as computers and household electronics. More explanation about power supply can be found at wikipedia.org

This is the tutorial about "How to build an AC to DC power supply ". The video tutorial covers the basics of diodes, bridge rectifiers, and how to build simple unregulated AC to DC power supplies than can handle a few mA up to several Amps.

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